C Interview Questions and Answers


How can I trap or ignore keyboard interrupts like control-C?

The basic step is to call signal, either as

#include <signal.h>

signal(SIGINT, SIG_IGN);

to ignore the interrupt signal, or as

extern void func(int);

signal(SIGINT, func);

to cause control to transfer to function func on receipt of an interrupt signal.

On a multi-tasking system such as Unix, it's best to use a slightly more involved

extern void func(int);

if(signal(SIGINT, SIG_IGN) != SIG_IGN)

signal(SIGINT, func);

The test and extra call ensure that a keyboard interrupt typed in the foreground
won't inadvertently interrupt a program running in the background (and it doesn't
hurt to code calls to signal this way on any system).

On some systems, keyboard interrupt handling is also a function of the mode of the
terminal-input subsystem; On some systems, checking for keyboard interrupts is only
performed when the program is reading input, and keyboard interrupt handling may
therefore depend on which input routines are being called (and whether any input
routines are active at all). On MS-DOS systems, setcbrk or ctrlbrk functions may
also be involved.

Posted by:Richards